Scientific Argumentation in the Early Grades

Jan 30, 2024

Watch as a second-grade scientific community develops arguments for what caused a town to flood. The video shares six principles for engaging students in making evidence-based arguments throughout a unit, in ways that emerge from and contribute to their evolving explanatory models of phenomena.

Video Transcripts


The argumentation principles named here center students’ divergent initial claims and value students’ experiences as valid sources of evidence in scientific sense-making. They also position science as a collective endeavor, rather than something done by select individuals.


Explore the Lawrence Hall of Science’s Argumentation Toolkit website for more resources on scientific argumentation.

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